I am a criminologist by training, and currently Professor in the School of Criminal Justice at Rutgers University, Newark. I received my Ph.D. in criminology and criminal justice from the University of Maryland in 2004.

My Recent Publications


Apel, Robert and Julie Horney. (2017). How and why does work matter? Employment conditions, routine activities, and crime among adult male offenders. Criminology 55: 307-343.

Perry, Simon, Robert Apel, Graeme R. Newman, and Ronald V. Clarke. (2017). The situational prevention of terrorism: An evaluation of the Israeli West Bank barrier. Journal of Quantitative Criminology 33: 727-751.

Sahin, Nusret, Anthony A. Braga, Robert Apel, and Rod K. Brunson. (2017). The impact of procedurally-just policing on citizen perceptions of police during traffic stops: The Adana randomized controlled trial. Journal of Quantitative Criminology 33: 701-726.


Apel, Robert. (2016). On the deterrent effect of stop, question, and frisk (policy essay). Criminology and Public Policy 15: 57-66.

Apel, Robert. (2016). The effects of jail and prison confinement on cohabitation and marriage. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 665: 103-126.

Braga, Anthony A. and Robert Apel. (2016). And we wonder why criminology is sometimes considered irrelevant in real-world policy conversations (policy essay). Criminology and Public Policy 15: 813-829.

Powers, Rachael and Robert Apel. (2016). The impact of situational context on assault completion: The moderating role of relational distance. Journal of Crime and Justice 39: 473-489.


Hsu, Henda Y. and Robert Apel. (2015). A situational model of substitution effects in response to airport metal detectors. Terrorism and Political Violence 27: 29-52.

Verbruggen, Janna, Robert Apel, Victor R. van der Geest, and Arjan A. J. Blokland. (2015). Work, income support, and crime in the Dutch welfare state: A longitudinal study following vulnerable youths into adulthood. Criminology 53: 545-570.