Labor Market Research
Empirical studies of the relationship between employment and crime, the impact of criminal justice involvement on long-term employment; and the comparative effects of unemployment versus other government benefits on recidivism. If you click on any article, you will be taken to the publisher’s website, where you can read the abstract and access the paper.
Apel, Robert, Shawn Bushway, Robert Brame, Amelia M. Haviland, Daniel S. Nagin, and Raymond Paternoster. (2007). Unpacking the relationship between adolescent employment and antisocial behavior: A matched samples comparison. Criminology 45: 67-97.
Apel, Robert, Shawn D. Bushway, Raymond Paternoster, Robert Brame, and Gary Sweeten. (2008). Using state child labor laws to identify the causal effect of youth employment on deviant behavior and academic achievement. Journal of Quantitative Criminology 24: 337-362.
Apel, Robert, Raymond Paternoster, Shawn D. Bushway, and Robert Brame. (2006). A job isn’t just a job: The differential impact of formal versus informal work on adolescent problem behavior. Crime and Delinquency 52: 333-369.
Apel, Robert and Anke Ramakers. (2019). Impact of incarceration on employment prospects. In Beth M. Huebner and Natasha A. Frost (Eds.), Handbook on the Consequences of Sentencing and Punishment Decisions. The ASC Division on Corrections and Sentencing Handbook Series, Vol. 3 (pp. 85-104). New York: Routledge.
Brame, Robert, Shawn D. Bushway, Raymond Paternoster, and Robert Apel. (2004). Assessing the effect of adolescent employment on involvement in criminal activity. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice 20: 236-256.
Ramakers, Anke, Johan van Wilsem, and Robert Apel. (2012). The effect of labour market absence on finding employment: A comparison between ex-prisoners and unemployed future prisoners. European Journal of Criminology 9: 442-461.
Verbruggen, Janna, Robert Apel, Victor R. van der Geest, and Arjan A. J. Blokland. (2015). Work, income support, and crime in the Dutch welfare state: A longitudinal study following vulnerable youths into adulthood. Criminology 53: 545-570.